The IP address 192.168.ll is a numerical identifier…
….of the logical node (usually a computer) network, which communicates with the other nodes via the IP protocol (eg Internet).
IP address (the Internet Protocol version 4) 32-bit number, so in theory there are 4,294,967,296 (over 4 billion) possible addresses. It is impractical and cumbersome to work with the following registered numbers, so the 32 bits of the IP address is divided into four 8-bit numbers (from 0 – 255), which are written in decimal separated by periods, e.g. 207,142,131,205th
The IP address 192.168.ll is either directly registered with a network interface or dynamically assigned by DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server.
To work better with Internet addresses to IP address 192.168.ll typically bind a name (Eng. Hostname), for example. www.wikipedia.org. Transfer names and IP addresses is ensured mechanism for the DNS (Domain Name System), t. j. globally organized set of servers that maintain records of registered domains and IP addresses 192.168.ll assigned to them. So if you type in the browser address “192.168.1.1“, looking at the list of these DNS server its IP address, which is then redirected your request.
It is not true that every computer in the world has a unique IP address. This is the case only if the node has direct access to the Internet. So if it is a watchdog connection, for example. Proxy gateway computer inside the subnet addresses can be independent from the rest of the Internet.
A few years ago it showed that the rapidly increasing computer connected to the Internet causes the number of IP addresses (for example 192.168.ll) that can be recorded four numbers from 0 to 255 (nearly 4.3 billion!), Will not uniquely identify the nodes suffice. Therefore introduced IPv6 (IP version 6), where the 128-bit addresses recorded eight hexadecimal numbers (t. J. Hex numbers, eg. 2001 0db8: 85a3: 08d3: 1319: 8a2e: 0370: 7334). The introduction of IPv6 allows addresses of up to 2128 (t. J., About 3.4 × 1038) addresses.
At the beginning of the history of the Internet, the IP addresses allocated wasteful, with the result that currently have some universities in the United States allocated more IP 192.168.ll addresses than some Third World together. Currently manages address allocation by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), which delegates the allocation of IP address blocks to regional registrators.
If you have just reinstalled the Windows 8 computer, your IP address is set to Auto. I.e. The computer automatically assigns it as the network at your location, there is a DHCP server.
If you have an IP address 192.168.ll in the contract, you use this:
There should be a network device icon (Local Area Connection / Local area connections), showing two connected monitors. Click the right mouse button for mice call out the menu and select Properties (Properties).
A window will show local connection settings. Choose ‘Internet Protocol (TCP / IP) and click Properties (Properties).
Now set the IP address to 192.168.ll. If the default option – “Obtain an IP address automatically ‘, then click through the’ Use the following IP address” then enter all the addresses you have in your contract: IP address, subnet, gateway, and finally one a second DNS server.
Finally, click Save to save the settings (OK), and save (OK) even if a local connection.