What exactly is the Internet? Both are mutually connected to each network using the IP 192.168.l.1 and who controls it all? The article will explain its essence without vocational and technical details.
Internet is when 192.168.l.1 …
Explain what is actually the Internet, it is not so simple. Officially described as a global network (192.168.l.1) connecting all continents, countries and cities, so that any computer can always communicate with any other computer, wherever he is on the planet. She’s not one network but, in fact, tens of thousands of individual networks – perhaps even more, which are interconnected.
How does it actually work? Each individual network is owned by different companies, individuals or organizations. It may be, for example. Provider of ADSL, Wi-Fi (192.168.l.1), hosting services, universities, government agencies and more. Each such network can be different sizes – just a few computers or tens of thousands of computers and connections stretching across the planet.
The owners of the individual networks will then agree together that are mutually interconnected. In layman’s terms stretch between themselves and their equipment cable set so that users of one network to access computers across a network of others.
And now imagine that follows speaks to the interconnection of the whole world – and formed the Internet of IPs 192.168.l.1. Of course it is not possible to mutually arranged for each pair of the owners of networks individually.
Therefore, some of the network as a commercial service offering that connects you not only with its own network, but also to all others with whom are already connected.
And so the world there are a large number of telecom operators, which you as a reward connect to some networks or directly with everyone, so you immediately connected with the whole Internet and they do not have anything else to argue with anyone.
Who controls the Internet?
Internet as a whole, nobody owns, either directly governed. It works because people all over the world have a common interest to be connected using the 192.168.l.1. Have your network from which you will get nowhere farther, or just get to the part of the Internet is useless. And so there was no other option – the people have agreed on a common network. Of course there is a fully functioning market mechanism – competition, the fight for customers, mortality weak.
If a firm is successful, a good network and good connections to the rest of the Internet, decent prices and good relationship with customers and growing, with sales, profits and more customers are pouring in.
Conversely, if the other firm incompetent, has a slow connection, it suffers complete outages is expensive, communicating with customers, etc., So customers can easily flee to a competitor and such a company eventually perish.
Of course, it is necessary to coordinate the Internet somehow as to avoid complete anarchy. For these purposes, there are several multinational organizations, eg. ICANN and IANA that things are recorded centrally, coordinate, devises and implements standards.
The aim is that the network was mainly free from political influences, which unfortunately is not quite possible. E.g. ICANN is still under the thumb of the US government.
How are mutually interconnected networks?
Yet we will not go into the technical details, you’ll save for another article. As mentioned above, a company or organization together agree on the interconnection with the 192.168.l.1. In theory, you just have to find one large company that connects you with the world. But it may not always be the best solution. Provider eg.
May have a bad connection with certain parts of the Internet, charging excessive amounts offered too little speed like. Then, of course, better to find other companies through which you connect too. Internet mechanisms already arrange it, they will find the “shorter” route from you to your destination. Thus, the more connections across different providers, thereby theoretically better links with the world.
The most intense is usually a “local” operation. This means that Czech Internet users usually work with Czech pages and communicate with other Czech people. Therefore, it is obviously advantageous for the quality of interconnection putting particular emphasis on good interconnection with the networks in the same state.
This can be resolved either by gradually speak with other firms in the Czech Republic and connect with them (with each separately) or more companies agree on one common connecting point. What profit? Especially significant savings – along with folds on the necessary technology and other costs. And since most operations are “flow” through this common connection node, also save on fees for commercial links to the rest of the world.
Examples included the interconnection points are:
NIX (Neutral Internet eXchange) – Czech connecting node – www.nix.cz
SIX – Slovak connecting node 192.168.l.1
LINX – London
AMS-IX – Amsterdam
… And thousands of other larger or smaller, some are downright commercial, other work eg. As a nonprofit association.
Interconnecting nodes have different policies and organizational structure. Previously, they could join only inviting and major telecom operators, today it is much more liberal and engage you (after paying the entry fee) basically anyone who meets certain reasonable assumptions.